Idea Submission - FICS

Idea Submission

Stage 1

  • For students interested to become part of teams that require specific expertise, click the 'Contact Team' link to get connected to team leads.
  • For Industry, who might be interested in a project, please click the 'Contact Team' link to get connected to FICS Management.
  • Please view idea submission form here for reference.

All Ideas

S.No Project ID Idea Name Domain Abstract University
501 1613 " Geotechnical Investigation of Sites Reserved for Future Construction at NUST Baluchistan Campus" SustainableCitiesAndCommunities The soil investigation assesses the soil properties including its water content, grain sizes, overall quality as well as suitability. Geotechnical investigation for foundation design is critical during preliminary planning, designing, and feasibility studies of various engineering and construction projects. In this regard, we aim to develop a geotechnical database for various future projects at NUST Baluchistan Campus. First, we will assess the nature and engineering properties of the encountered subsurface strata and then provide geotechnical recommendations for the design of the foundation for future projects. The data that will be obtained through the investigation will help in the construction of various sites encountered in our project, through different site investigations including in-situ and laboratory testing. The report made after the investigation will only contain data that can only be used for the campus and may not be sufficient for other projects or other uses. The results of our investigation will evaluate the subsurface conditions on the site around the proposed building and will provide geotechnical bearing capacity and recommendations for the construction. NUST
502 1614 Subgrade Reinforcement Using Geo-Grids IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure Subgrade reinforcement is a wide topic that’s not necessarily confined to a certain type of soil. Various experimental and numerical data has been computed to gauge the effect of geotextiles on the subgrade (SW Soil, well graded sand with gravels). Those tests will be performed after the addition of the geo-grids again. As all type of stresses or loads subjected to surface are ultimately transferred to subgrade layer, to avoid this, the subgrade layer is mostly reinforced using different techniques like geo-grids. Soils pull apart under tension, compared to soil, Geo-grids are strong in tension. Geo-grids are commonly made of polymer materials, such as polyester, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene, or polypropylene. May be woven or knitted from yarns or heat-welded from strips of material. The data obtained will be grouped and sorted, further actions include calculating the variation and enhancement the modification brought forth. A research strategy will be developed, and results will be analyzed during the course of this study. The limitations are restricted to seepage. We won’t be focusing on the seepage aspect of the study. NUST
503 1615 Efficient Water Distillation Using Double-slope Solar Still with External Heating Mechanism CleanWaterAndSanitation "Water is the essential element for all humankind. However, there are some areas where water is not sufficiently supplied. They are mostly rural areas and, in such areas, supplying energy like fossil fuel for cleaning water is also difficult. Consequently, water-borne diseases are also increasing with time. One option might be to transfer the emphasis and workload from large scale water treatment initiative that requires huge money, resources, and time to small domestic scale system for water treatment. Solar water distillation might be a good way to deal with this severe shortage. This experiment is based on the double slope solar still with heating module. This experimental choice was justified by abundance and low cost of solar energy, as well as the ease of installation and maintenance of solar still. For the small household and community residing in island and coastal areas, these inexpensive solar stills are enough to cover their needs. Thermoelectric heaters were used to increase the temperature of water to get high thermodynamic performance of a solar still. Additionally, these stills can also be used for distillation of brackish water for the population residing near riverbanks" NUST
504 1616 Climate Change Mitigation through rain & wastewater harvesting. CleanWaterAndSanitation Climate change is a global concern all over the world in both urban and rural communities. Water scarcity is a key factor contributing to the worldwide climate transformation with adverse implications on current and future sustainability. The conditions may further worsen with the growing population rate of the world. Thus, these circumstances ask for more efficient alternatives for water conservation. Rainwater and wastewater can play a pivotal role in this regard. Rainwater harvesting is a key water conservation approach for the future in vulnerable regions in dry-wet, semi-arid, and arid climatic regions. Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan by area but still, maximum yield is yet to be captured from its lands due to scarcity of water. With the non-availability of glaciers, rivers, etc. low rainfall is also a key factor in its less productivity. With increasing water demand, rainwater collection for non-potable or irrigation uses as well as groundwater recharge is now being considered in many urban areas. Drinking may not be suitable, but it aids the freshwater sources by reducing the pressure on them. This project aims to suggest efficient rainwater and wastewater harvesting techniques to mitigate the water crises in Balochistan and anticipate the effects of conserving rain and wastewater on climate change. NUST
505 1617 Developing A Safety, Quality And Health Risk Assessment Tool For Construction Project GoodHealthAndWellBeing Problems on occupational safety, health and quality are commonly occurred in the construction industry, including falling of materials or person from height, stepping on objects and injured by hand tools. Key of dealing with risk assessment in construction industry is important, thus, way on doing assessment and liability of assessment are necessary for all professionals. However, it is found that those professionals prone to heavily rely on their own experiences and knowledge on decision making on risk assessment, which lack of a systematic approach and lack of ways to check the reliability of the decisions. This paper investigates the need for people involved in construction to take systematic and effective risk assessments for different trades. A Risk Assessment Model (RAM) is then developed for assessing risk levels as various project stages with various work trades. A case study is used to prove the workability and reliability of the developed RAM in the practical industry. The developed RAM is found to be benefit for predicting high-risk construction activities. NUST
506 1618 Seismic Vulnerability Assessment and low-cost remedial measures for buildings in Quetta SustainableCitiesAndCommunities "Quetta, the capital of Baluchistan, with a population of 2.8 million people. It has excellent socioeconomic as well as cultural values. It also serves as a trade route connecting Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. This city is located in seismic zone 4. Several devastating disasters have struck the city in the last century. The people, culture, and economy of this city are vital to the development of this country, necessitating the seismic vulnerability assessment. So that corrective measures can be developed in the event of a hazard, ultimately making the city safe from disasters. The data for this study will be gathered by conducting a survey of various structures in Quetta, Baluchistan. The seismic vulnerability of buildings will be assessed in this study through structural modeling using available data. The failure modes will then be identified using cyclic loading. If the structure fails the tests, low-cost retrofitting designs will be provided. Because of the anisotropic nature of the masonry, the majority of the structures in Quetta are the most difficult to understand and model. We hope that by the end of this study, we will have reduced the risk of damage that can be caused by earthquakes in Quetta, Baluchistan." NUST
507 1619 Development of FSM business model and decentralized treatment of fecal sludge CleanWaterAndSanitation This project aims to improve on-site sanitation systems and services in a housing society of Islamabad to ensure safe and hygienic access to sanitation. Currently, the Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) service chain is entirely non-existent in Pakistan. In this context, a household survey will be conducted in Bahria Enclave Islamabad to collect data regarding the existing fecal sludge management system. Then a financial and technical FSM model comprising of the whole service chain will be designed for this area. The potential for decentralized biological treatment of the leachate from the sludge drying bed will be the main engineering focus. Our project will aim to improve onsite sanitation services by developing a sustainable FSM model. It will also reduce stress on freshwater resources by treating septic tank sludge. The project will address the issue of non-existent FSM in Pakistan by shaping the FSM model to the local context. NUST
508 1620 Optimizing Algae Production through Fishery wastewater for Sustainable Energy LifeBelowWater There is improper fishery wastewater management as well as lack of research in aquaculture, fish nutrition, & sustainable consumption. Industrial CO2 emissions from combustion processes should be utilized instead of its direct release into the atmosphere causing climate change. Furthermore, there is a need to mitigate the energy crisis of diminishing fossil fuel reserves through clean energy technologies. The solution for all these challenges is a microalgal photobioreactor (PBR). Microalgae can be grown utilizing fishery wastewater and industrial CO2 in a column PBR. This project focuses on the optimum design, operation, and monitoring of a lab-scale PBR. The produced algal biomass will be evaluated for its bioenergy value as well as fish feed replacement capacity. The fishery wastewater was collected from a fish farm named as Capital Biofoc, Sector B17 Islamabad. The results will be used to assess the feasibility for development of a large-scale closed continuous system, which can produce microalgal biomass by treating fishery wastewater NUST
509 1621 Synthesis of functionalized biochar for the adsorptive recovery of phosphates from eutrophic water and its subsequent utilization as a P-based fertilizer for plant growth ZeroHunger "With rapid industrialization, population growth and water security issues, the increase in agricultural demands is also one of the major challenges to feed hunger world. In such regard, agricultural crops require essential micro- and macro-nutrients for their growth, however, some of these nutrients like phosphorus have limited reserves and they may deplete with time. Therefore, to ensure healthy crop production, the recovery of phosphate from alternative sources becomes essential. In accordance, current study will be mainly focused on how to exploit phosphate resources from phosphate rich reservoirs mainly eutrophic lakes? This will not only help environmental professionals to cope with eutrophication issues but also will alleviate the shortage of P resources for sustainable agricultural activities. In accordance, one of the promising solutions may be related to the recovery of phosphorous using carbonaceous material such as biochar. In general, the proposed study will present novel solution to waste management, agricultural and water sector of Pakistan for socioeconomic importance of country." NUST
510 1622 Assessing the removal efficiency of microplastics from aqueous solution using maganeic biochar ResponsibleConsumptionAnd Production Biochar has been proven as a promising adsorbent for pollutant removal as it is porous and can easily be fabricated. For our project, biochar will be magnetized to enhance its adsorption capabilities and easy removal from water. To further add up to the research and to link it to industries and waste minimization, Tobacco waste is obtained from the vendors of a famous international company to produce biochar and to study the cycle stability of a different type of magnetic adsorbent against different size ranges of micro plastics. Micro plastics are a severe menace to both humans and marine life. Micro plastics are found in rivers, drinking water, and everyday objects. In order to achieve SDG 12(Responsible consumption and Production) and 6 (Clean water and sanitation), a low-cost, sustainable approach for removing micro plastics as well as the preparation of an ecologically friendly adsorbent from industrial waste will be developed NUST
511 1623 Potential use of fungus as an alternative to non-degradable plastic ResponsibleConsumptionAnd Production This final year project aims towards the development and characterization of biodegradable plastics made using mushroom roots and recycled agricultural waste. Pakistan is an agricultural country and a lot of crop residues like wheat and rice straw are continually burning up those leads to the formation of smog in multiple cities of Pakistan. Mycelium is a fast-growing vegetative part of a fungus which adapts to different shapes when growing in a mold and decomposes after 90 days in a natural environment as organic waste. The ability to form self-assembling bonds helps them to grow quickly on agricultural wastes and produce miles of thin fibers which bind to the substrate to form a strong biodegradable material and can easily be shaped to produce packaging materials, architecture, and various new designed objects. Mycelium-based materials are a potential substitute to polystyrene like hazardous plastics with its benefit of cost-effective & totally recyclable material. NUST
512 1624 Automatic Farm Boundary Delineation Using Deep Learning and Remote Sensing Approaches ZeroHunger To create a model that will identify field boundaries in Pakistan using deep learning in a manner that is cost effective, efficient, accurate and moldable for future applications with a dashboard as a product. NUST
513 1625 IOT AND GIS ENBALED SMART FARMING ZeroHunger One of the main aspects of human survival is agriculture, the main source of food. Today, the agriculture industry is facing environmental challenges like unfavorable weather conditions, climate change and lack of natural resources. As a result of this the adoption of IOT solutions alongside GIS has been triggered in order to cut back on these losses by introducing the concept of Smart Farming. NUST
514 1626 Smart Web Based Integrated Geospatial Intelligence System For Criminal Detection PeaceJusticeAndStrongInstitutions "Recently, advancements in video surveillance have driven many new challenges, such as storage, security, and content extraction from videos. Monitoring the videos requires manual human-powered resources, which are error prone. Many criminal activities, such as robberies, terrorist activities, bomb-blasts, hijackings, and crowd brawl fights, could have been prevented by predicting the threats in advance using video surveillance in real-time. Smart city infrastructure is highly dependent on the surveillance system for smooth traffic management and public space monitoring, making the pathways safer and more efficient for every user. We are proposing an integrated system that will be responsible for face recognition, abnormal human activity detection, and vehicle number plate detection." NUST
515 1627 IoT based Safety Helmet for Monitoring and Tracking of Coal Miners DecentWorkAndEconomicGrowth We aim To create an IoT-based safety helmet to detect hazardous gases around the miners and for real time tracking of miners using RFID. We will also develop a web-based application in order to monitor the activity and conditions of mines and miners NUST
516 1628 Optimizing the Growth of EV Charging Infrastructure Using GIS AffordableAndCleanEnergy Introducing Electric Vehicles in Pakistan can solve present and impending problems of a number of sectors including transportation, environment, economy and power. But for creating a public interest in EV adoption it is critical that we come up with a proper charging infrastructure. We are missing out on huge economic and environmental advantages due to inadequate infrastructure. NUST
517 1629 Design and Development of A Flood Gate: A Practical Approach Towards Urban Flood Protection SustainableCitiesAndCommunities Every year Pakistan face flooding due to torrential monsoon rains in summer. It has caused loss of lives and billions in economy. One of the major issues is urban flooding. It is defined as: Urban flooding is the inundation of land or property in a built environment, particularly in more densely populated areas, caused by rainfall overwhelming the capacity of drainage systems, such as storm sewers. While urban flooding ensues several catastrophes, one of the major problems is flood water entering houses, shops and other buildings. Many houses and buildings are located in places which regularly get inundated during torrential rains for several reasons including unfortunate location, poor city drainage etc. This causes unnecessary economic losses and inconvenience. Currently Pakistan has no standard available solution. Therefore, people try to prevent the water from entering their buildings with their own solutions primarily by putting sandbags in front of the entry or by building temporary masonry walls. While the sandbags are effective at the job it has several issues. For instance, they are too heavy and cumbersome to relocate, they require a lot of storage space etc. And they do not completely block water especially after they are sufficiently wet. In short, there need to be a well designed and effective solution to flooding of buildings to prevent damages. The objective of this project is to provide a budget friendly practical solution that directly addresses the above need. A smart portable domestic flood gate will be developed. This smart invention will prevent the flood water to enter into the houses etc. It can be easily installed and removed. The device will require minimal maintenance. NUST
518 1630 Compliance of bidding documents and advertisement with PPRA rules PeaceJusticeAndStrongInstitutions Compliance checking of bidding documents with PPRA rules is a fundamental part to ensure transparency and level play field for all the participants. Hence, this project will develop a natural language processing based tool on Python that will automatically check the compliance of bidding documents with PPRA rules NUST
519 1631 BIM-based Inventory Management and Material Procurement IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure A BIM-based Inventory Management framework will be informing us about when, what, and how much to order according to the schedule of our activities and we can efficiently manage our resources according to that as well, as it would be linked to websites from where we can get the ongoing rates and procure the required material, the framework, then, would be handed down to a mobile application with respective logins for the three C’s. NUST
520 1632 BIM-based optimization of survelliance cameras in hospital buildings GoodHealthAndWellBeing Hospitals need active survelliance all the time to ensure safety of patients and visitors. Also, there are some areas which require more active survelliance, especially infant nurseries. This project aims to optimize the security survelliance of buildings, such that numer of cameras and their coverage corresponds with the level of threat and other requirements, such as face recognition at the entry and exit of building NUST
521 1633 Enhancing construction safety training using immersive virtual reality DecentWorkAndEconomicGrowth The construction sector involves significant and fatal safety risks for workers including fatality risks which may result in serious injuries and sometimes deaths. Surveys show that workers easily get injured due to lack of concentration, resulting in height falls, being hit by falling objects or moving machinery, or hitting someone while operating machinery. Most practical training programs in live construction are oral instructions associated with some video demonstration which in fact becomes ineffective. These old training methods have become inefficient, and they need to be updated with emerging technology where participants can interact and do the decision making. With the rapid development in technology, immersive virtual reality (VR) technology as a key interactive tool is becoming mature and is applied to facilitate different domains in the engineering world. This study establishes a system using modern technology of Immersive VR where the worker can virtually interact with the site and perform decision-making when exposed to possible hazards. NUST
522 1634 Post-Disaster Damage Detection and Visualization using an integrated BIM Approach IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure Pakistan has been a victim of multiple natural disasters in the past including floods and earthquakes. Rendered homeless, millions were affected. Current damage detection techniques include visual inspections. However, they are time-consuming and costly, therefore not suitable for post-disaster scenarios (Liu. et al, 2019). Hence, there is a need to develop a technique that makes post-disaster damage detection quick and cost-effective. Strcutural Health Monitoring is considered for this purpose. SHM techniques so far lack two important functions: (1) Global damage Assessment does not give the location of damage and (2) They lack digital visualization. This project aims to develop a working prototype (including input, processing and output). The prototype receives input from accelerometers regarding the acceleration of the structural elements and another input from the building information model containing data regarding the structural elements. The code then utilizes this data and performs instant processing to analyze whether or not the individual elements are damaged. The damaged elements are then visualized on the building information model. The prototype is to be validated on an existing structure. NUST
523 1635 Smart Solutions for Structural Stability and Waste Management of Pavement IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure The technological prowess of mankind is a testament to the process of evolution. Having said that, the next phase of evolution where we stand as human beings is to devise such means of sustainable development for the upcoming generations. The transportation industry has come a long way since its inception. However, there is much room for improvement in terms of sustainable development. Our aim is to develop a framework related to Reclaimed Asphalt material to environment-friendly plans of constructing pavements. This would result in smart resource management, reduction in carbon emission and cost effectiveness. NUST
524 1636 Introduction of Smart Parking system for congested urban CBD / Areas (Case study of Islamabad City) SustainableCitiesAndCommunities As we all know that world's population is increasing day by day. Increasing population increases vehicle use. So, now parking has become a major issue now a day. There is a huge demand for proper parking facilities especially in Central business districts of an urbanized area. This is leading to problems such as large urban parking lots becoming inefficient, increasing difficulty to find open spaces in busy parking lots as well as the increasing need to devote larger areas for additional parking spaces. Due to lack of availability of parking spaces in Marakiz / central business district (CBD) of Islamabad city, valuable time of road users is wasted, more fuel is consumed while idling or cruising around parking lots, leading to more CO2 emission produced and potential accidents caused by abundance of moving vehicles in disorganized parking lots. This research work will focus on providing a solution for an efficient parking system. For research purposes, the authors have taken I-8 Markaz in Islamabad as a case study. First the main parking problems to be identified from the traffic and parking spaces data collected from the field. Data analysis will be done for both off and on street parking. After analysis a software model will be created to observe the existing patterns. Multiple solutions will be provided and from these solutions the best possible solution is to provide a system which will work on artificial intelligence. This will help the road user to find parking space without wasting the travel time. By the introduction of smart parking drivers don't really have to cruise for vacant parking spaces. This can save alot of time of the drivers and reduce congestion in the urban areas. NUST
525 1637 Managing intersection delay on major corridor in an urban area - A Scenario Based Analysis IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure Among the big cities of Pakistan, Rawalpindi being the twin city of Islamabad (the capital of Pakistan) has a great importance. One of the main roads of Rawalpindi is the Peshawar Road or N-5. It passes through the center of the city. As there is no Rawalpindi by-pass, all the Grand Trunk (G.T) road traffic passes through it in addition to the local city traffic which causes delay and congestion problems. The scope of our project will cover the portion of Peshawar Road commonly known as The Mall Road, from kutcheri chowk to GPO chowk, making the Peshawar Road signal free. This will include four intersections namely Kutchery Chowk, PC chowk, GHQ chowk, GPO chowk. This will help to reduce the travel time and user cost of the users using this road. Feasibility studies for new alternatives like the availability of right of way, presence of underground pipelines etc. will be conducted. Based on the pervious results and the feasibility studies, anti-congestion alternatives to these intersections will be suggested. The agency cost (construction cost), work zone user delay cost will also be measured for each alternative to make sure they are economical. Then with the help of PTV VISSIM, a microscopic multi-modal traffic flow simulation software, various scenarios will be simulated and analyzed. Based on the results from simulations, a better alternative will be suggested for each intersection. NUST
526 1638 Development of cement based sensor using biochar for structural health monitoring IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure Low cost cement based sensors have been developed using pyrolyzed agricuture residue. The sensor can effectively perform for monitoring the induced strains with time for concrete structures NUST
527 1639 Emperical and Numerical Investigation of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete beams subjected to impact loading IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure Steel fibers when added to concrete as a form of shear reinforcement in place of conventional reinforcement, changes the mechanical behaviour of concrete. The subject of this project is to identify the shear behaviour and shear capacity of SFRC beams compared to conventional beams when brought under impact loading. NUST
528 1640 Waste Aluminum fibers incorporated recycled aggregate concrete IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure The use of recycled aggregate in concrete has gained significant attention in recent years due to its potential to reduce the demand for natural resources and the environmental impacts of concrete production. However, the use of recycled aggregate can also result in reduced strength and durability of concrete. In this study, we investigate the potential of incorporating aluminum fibers into recycled aggregate concrete to improve its mechanical properties and durability. Through a series of laboratory tests, we aim to determine the optimal dosage of aluminum fibers and evaluate the effect on the compressive strength, flexural strength, and durability characteristics of the recycled aggregate concrete. The results of this research will provide insight into the feasibility of using aluminum fiber reinforced recycled aggregate (AFIRAC) concrete as a sustainable alternative to traditional concrete. NUST
529 1641 Analytical Model for finding shear strength of Squat Wall IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure This project involves development of a strut and tie based model for finding shear strength of squat wall. NUST
530 1642 Performance of glass waste powder incorporated self compacted concrete in marine environment LifeBelowWater Waste glass powder will be incorporated into self compacting concrete in order to densify the concrete matrix to improve it's performance in marine environment with respect to durability issues NUST
531 1643 Development of an indiginous Base Isolation system for Masonry Structures IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure A base isolation system is a method of seismic protection where the structure (superstructure) is separated from the base (foundation or substructure). By separating the structure from its base, the amount of energy that is transferred to the superstructure during an earthquake is reduced significantly and the structure bears low damages. NUST
532 1644 Design of Multiple Storey Building with Cost Effective Solution to Optimize and Control Seismic Forces SustainableCitiesAndCommunities Recently, a new edition of of Building Code (BCP 2021) of Pakistan is published with a new set of seismic design provisions. A general perception is that new BCP 2021 has more stringent requirements as compared to BCP 2007. This project attempts to solidify that percetion using advanced design and numerical case studies. A set of buildings are selected in medium and high seismic risk regions of the country. The buildings are designed as both the MRF or dual frame systems using both BCP 2007 and BCP 2021. A cost comparison is drawn between structures designed according to both codes. Furthermore, nonliear analysis in idustry standard software would also be made to check the new and old BCP designed buildings NUST
533 1645 Ciko - An affordable projection device QualityEducation "Pakistan is a developing nation with a falling economy and below average literacy rate. The lack of affordable and modern education resources is causing problems for the community at large. The proposed solution for this is a low-cost projection device that works with little resources to make imparting education easier without the need of books. The device’s image quality was evaluated by user testing in NGOs in classrooms with various lighting levels. The usability was tested by allowing the teachers and administrative staff to set it up and interact with it. This study revealed that the amount of light provided (in Lumens) was sufficient to project in a room with ambient lighting and the faculty required less than 5 minutes to figure out the interface and use the product in the intended manner. This paper discusses the failures of traditional educational resources in terms of current natural disaster-prone situations and how we can reimagine a rural area with modern technology made simple and affordable" NUST
534 1646 Phy Care GoodHealthAndWellBeing A physiotherapy device for providing a non-invasive pain relief method for headaches as an alternative to pain killers and other medications. Applies massage to the back and neck muscles to soothe the contracted muscles and provide long term heakth benefits and also targets the pressure points on the forehead and temples to provide instant pain relief. NUST
535 1647 Solerella SustainableCitiesAndCommunities A modular and sustainabe umberella like strusture to be installed in sunday market islamabad. NUST
536 1648 Tinymists GoodHealthAndWellBeing A child friendly nebulizer design that makes the child less scared and more interested in nebulization process. With an introduction of auditory and visual feedback to regulate breathing pattern and IAD technology to reduce medicine wastage NUST
537 1649 Umeed CleanWaterAndSanitation A solution that tackles the problem of ration delivery and water shortages faced in flood-affected regions. NUST
538 1650  Pulse pro IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure  the creation of a tangible electronic musical instrument that enhance music learning experience and live performances without the limits of many screen based interfaces for electronic music NUST
539 1651  Pneuma GoodHealthAndWellBeing  A wearable device for people with respiratory issues in the increasing and hazardous air quality conditions in pakistan. NUST
540 1652 ElbowEase GoodHealthAndWellBeing Professional Mobile E-SportsPlayerssit in the same posture for prolonged periods contributing to significant health risksthat can compromise theirperformance, or worse,can lead to early retirement.A survey of 50 elite mobile-gaming athletes was borrowedfrom an existing study(linked below).A separatesurvey wasconducted to weigh-in the opinions of non-professional players as well.These surveys were designedto highlight the complaints,thepressure-points,andthefatigue patterns.A total of 46% and 44% of the participants felt tired frequently and occasionally, while 34% and 58% experienced eyestrainsfrequently and occasionally, respectively. More than 50% of the participants reported headache and neck pain.In typical mobile-gaming athletes, maintaining posture with a prolonged inferior viewing angle and hand-heldmobile-gaming position could induce neckflexion, repeated or sustained wrist bendingand repeatedpushing thumb motions. NUST
541 1653 Process design and simulation of Ammonia Production section on ASPEN HYSYS AffordableAndCleanEnergy Our project is by Fatima Fertilizer company Limited. I along with my team members have decided to design the Ammonia production process by electrochemical method using renewable resources for raw materials. NUST
542 1654 Process design for the production of crude terephthalic acid from oxidation of paraxylene IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure The project will aim to design a process that produces CTA from paraxylene by oxidation reaction, focusing majorly on NUST
543 1655 Design of Stabilizer at Distillation Unit for production of LPG AffordableAndCleanEnergy Naphtha produced by the crude distillation unit at ARL has a fair amount of light gases including naphtha in it which makes gasoline unsuitable for application so a stabilizer which is essentially a distillation column is to be designed which separates these light gases from naphtha and in the process a clean and high calorific value fuel (LPG) is also formed. NUST
544 1656 Development of process simulation model of sour gas processing plant ClimateAction Natural gas coming out of the well needs to be trated so as to recover sulphur from it thereby producing usable natural gas for which SO2 emissions are minimized. the design of this plant is to be simulated. NUST
545 1657 Synthesis of p-xylene from naphtha IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure The projects aims to indigenously produce Para-Xylene from Naphtha by Reforming reactions and icreasing its yeild through Toluene methylation. Locally produce p-xylene will reduce burden on Pakistan's import bill as most of locally produced naphtha is exported at a lower cost. NUST
546 1658 Design and development of a process for optimization of high sulfur coal in rotary kiln of cement manufacturing plant. ClimateAction The project aims to decrease the quantity of sulfur present in coal which is used as fuel source to fire the kiln in which cement is made. High Sulfur Coal results in deterioration of the quality of the end product and also adds considerably to environmental pollution. Suitable techniques such as coal mill additive addition, and flue gas cleaning will be used for the optimization of High Sulfur Coal. NUST
547 1659 Production of 40 tons/day of Pure Terephthalic Acid from CTA via crystallization IndustryInnovationAndInfrastructure The project aims to purify Crude Terephthalic Acid (CTA) through a process that involves hydro-purification using Hydrogen gas, followed by Flash Crystallization, and finally product separation to obtain Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA). The major impurity present in the CTA is 4-Carboxybenzaldehyde (4-CBA), which is separated during this process. The end goal is to produce 40 tons/day of Pure Terephthalic Acid (PTA). NUST
548 1660 Designing of unsaturated polyester resin plant ResponsibleConsumptionAnd Production The aim of this project is to design a plant that produces unsaturated polyester resin using recycled Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and Maleic Anhydride. The process involves the glycolysis and addition polymerization and targets PET, which is a major NUST
549 1661 Develop a process for the conversion of ARL’s waste streams into energy ResponsibleConsumptionAnd Production In this project, we are treating oil sludge waste through gasification. Gasification is a technology through which a combustible gas can be obtained from carbonaceous materials such as coal or coke, using air or steam as gasifying agents. The main components of the product gas are carbon monoxide, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon, etc. At the same time, the syngas is rich in hydrogen. Reforming of syngas production recovers hydrogen. Hydrogen is a clean fuel with high energy density and can be used as a high quality chemical raw material. Therefore, the gasification of OS can produce clean energy with higher energy efficiency. NUST
550 1662 Design and development of a process for desulfurization of coal for use in cement manufacturing plant. AffordableAndCleanEnergy Having so many large reserves of coal, Pakistan is facing an energy crisis because coal is not being utilized. The main reason is that during coal incineration in power plants, high sulfur content of coal poses serious environmental problems owing to sulfur dioxide emission. It causes acid rain which has harmful effects on lakes and vegetation and causes corrosion. The need for sulfur removal is to sell coal to customers whether they have installed pollution control measures or not, to reduce transportation and combustion cost, and to reduce load on flue gas scrubber. So, leaching is one of the most common methods employed for coal desulfurization. Alkali leaching is an effective method for demineralization of coal by reducing most of the mineral-rich constituents. The reason for attacking the alkali into the major minerals may be due to the presence of hydroxyl ion in the leachants, which has high affinity towards the clay bearing minerals. Regeneration of spent alkali and acids reduces the cost of chemicals in the cleaning method. The spent solution contains not only silicate and aluminates but also contains Fe, Al, and trace elements of Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Ba, Ti etc. The regenerated reagents from spent solution can be reused which is likely to be the best way to develop a commercial process for removal of minerals from the coal. NUST
551 1663 Upgraded technologies for boiler feed water CleanWaterAndSanitation Boiler feed water needs to meet specific standards to produce steam that is utilised in different refinery processes in the Attock oil refinery. The project aims to replace the old cation exchange system for boiler feed water treatment, at the Attock oil refinery, with any upgraded technology such as RO, UF, MMF or other to increase the efficiency and life of the boilers and to conserve water. NUST
552 1664 Process design for a 120 MW (gross) co-generation thermal power plant based on bagasse and coal fuel AffordableAndCleanEnergy The objective of the project is to design a Power Plant generating electricity of 120MW using the Coal and Bagasse fuel. The power plant is a cogeneration type (plant serves as a source of electricity as well as heat). NUST